Windows Forensics

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Ensure all Windows systems have PowerShell v3 or newer. Newer versions of PowerShell have better logging features, especially PowerShell v5. HoneyTokens/HoneyHashes involves placing special credentials in memory on a number of computers in the enterprise. These credentials are flagged so when anyone attempts to use them, a critical alert goes out.

Part of the registry hives that contains store settings as well as configuration information for Windows and software that are specific to the currently logged-in user. This is one of the several registry hives that stores all the settings that are specific to the local computer. This is a global key where the information stored cannot be edited by any user or program. Due to the global nature of this subkey, all the information stored in this storage is in the form of a virtual container running on the RAM continuously. The majority of the configuration information for the software users have installed and the Windows operating system itself is occupied in HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE. All of the currently detected hardware is stored in the HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE hive. A central hierarchical database in Windows 9X, CE, ME, NT, 2000, and XP used to store information necessary to configure the system for one or more users, applications, and hardware devices.

  • The exact location is %SystemRoot%\System32\Config\ folder.
  • These event logs are always helpful if there are issues with health and communication.
  • This action does come with some amount of risk, as you will be changing ACLs set by the Windows update.
  • ADPassHunt is a tool that was stolen from FireEye by a malicious actor.

Using TPM and Secure Boot, we found four ways to work around the pesky Windows 11 installation error. PowerShell – CHKDSK command If the drive is currently being used by important programs, you must first separate it from those tasks with the letter “Y“. However, this can lead to data loss, which is why you should exit these programs beforehand.

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It looks like, what one person had the same problem as me. In right-side pane, double-click on “Hide entry points for Fast User Switching” option and set it to Enabled. “Switch User” feature was introduced in Windows XP which allows one user to switch to other user without ending the current session. Its a very useful feature and also available in Windows Vista and 7. If the handle is already closed, no error is raised. All registry functions in this module which accept a handle object also accept an integer, however, use of the handle object is encouraged. All registry functions in this module return one of these objects.

  • Under Selective startup, uncheck the «Load Startup items» box.
  • If u need to reinstall the OS, u can do a clean install w/o affecting ANY user data.
  • Usage is pretty much the same as regedit and you simply navigate your way to the required key and then right click on it or use the buttons in the toolbar to rename or delete etc.
  • If that’s the case, head to that very tool or website for the solution.

In this case, you can rely on Metasploit Framework own post-exploitation module if you have got a Meterpreter shell onto the target system. Obviously, the built-in sc.exe command can do the same as well as other less known tools. Follow these steps to boot into the Recovery Console from a Windows XP Installation CD. On a sidenote I would like to warn you about playing with such system areas if you are using Encrypted File System on anything released after Windows XP/2003. If you change something in the wrong place there , it might cause the operating system to lose its EFS keys which introduces a whole new bunch of problems which you don’t even want to think about.

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Each cache directory subkey has the same values as those listed in this section. Numeric values and ranges listed in the following tables are expressed exactly as they appear in the Registry. Some values that take the REG_DWORD data type can be expressed as either hexadecimal or decimal numbers, or in hex or decimal base. If the defined value is represented in a hexadecimal base, the value is preceded by «0x» to indicate that it is hexadecimal. For most installations, the default settings made during Setup for Proxy Server Registry values are acceptable. Where a value can be modified, a recommended range of values is offerred.